Science of Learning a Language
Auditory learners acquire knowledge through listening.
Auditory learners prefer to have verbal instructions, prefer to learn from an audio recording compared to a video lecture, and often repeat instructions to themselves (Lehigh).
Other characteristics of auditory learners are that these learners enjoy reading aloud in class, participating in class discussions, and they sit where they can hear perfectly well, however they do not care if they can see the board.
Auditory learners benefit from talking aloud to other members in class, studying in rooms without verbal distractions, as well as recording and listening to the information over and over again to instill the information.
On the other hand, visual learners are defined by their need to see a perceivable representation of the material, not needing to hear the professor to learn the material being presented. Visual learners succeed greatly when they copy notes, and then utilize repetition by continuously writing the notes over and over, causing their brain to view the notes more than once, almost engraving the notes in their heads (HACC). Visual learners also learn best by utilizing colored pens or highlighters, creating a color spreadsheet for the different materials that they need to learn.
Visual learners greatly benefit from creating creative maps to brainstorm ideas. Creating different bubble maps to visualize an idea, or something to organize the thoughts of the student, helps visual learners learn. For teachers to help visual learners, teachers should organize their lectures on the board into key points, breaking up into smaller portions to convey the lesson. Also, teachers should represent the material in a visual way, perhaps by providing a picture as supplemental material for a project (Leopold).
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HOW DO YOU LEARN
UNDERSTANDING BRAIN DEVELOPMENT
The greatest development of brain neurons occurs in vitro in the 3rd trimester. By the time we are born, we have most of the 100 billion brain neurons will we have throughout our life.
Major developments in our brain occur at certain ages. Between the ages of 0-3 our the major brain development is that we develop synapse connections.
The synapse connections among neurons is thought to be what allows us to learn. Learning a new language for young kids, in fact, learning in general, will be easier for young kids. T
he early synapse connections allow kids to respond to visual learning tools. Also, at this stage keeping kids active or learning through activity works well too.
Through the study of neuroscience teachers can focus their teaching efforts on the parts of the brain as they are developing. In other words, if you are teaching a pre-kindergarten class you may want to use visual and activity based learning lessons when teaching a foreign language.
And Language Development and Language Learning
Kinesthetic learners learn best by doing activities hands on, preferring to physically do the project in order to learn.
Students who are kinesthetic learners love doing labs, mostly because the hands on experience cements the material in their brains (HACC).
Kinesthetic learners should allow their study habits to include writing and expressing the material in a multitude of ways, ensuring that the repetition of performing the task will allow the student to learn the material in a much easier way.
Different tasks that require kinesthetic students to actively participate in the classroom greatly benefit kinesthetic learners. Kinesthetic learners learn best when their bodies are in motion (Fielding). This type of learner needs a physical object to be involved in order to learn.
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